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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-19

Deep inside the ceramic texture: A microscopic–chemical approach to the phase transition via partial-sintering processes in ancient ceramic matrices


1 Faculty of Conservation and Archaeology, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran; Department of Building Material Chemistry, University Siegen, Siegen, Germany
2 Department of Building Material Chemistry, University Siegen, Siegen, Germany

Correspondence Address:
Mohammadamin Emami
Faculty of Conservation and Archaeology, Art University of Isfahan, Hakim Nezami St., P.O. Box 1744, Isfahan

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.1016/j.jmau.2015.08.003

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High-resolution microscopy investigations on ancient ceramics recommend the complex progression of crystalline phases in an antique object via the sintering process. Based on materials-science point of view, sintering is not a routinely reaction in all crystalline phases with the same crystallographic pattern, but also is a transition pathway. Sintering depends on the processing of raw materials via the manufacturing process. Five samples are chosen for this analytical approach from two different periods from Tappeh Zaghe, Iran (5100 millennium BC). A multimicroscopical approach was carried out by means of polarized light microscopy, environmental scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. Crystalline phases were determined by X-ray diffraction and refined after Rietveld method. The observation of the behavior of phase–interphase boundaries of a crystalline part in the nano area suggests that the partial sintering is the point at which the mineral began to be decomposed, and the conditions of the occurrences of this phenomenon depend on crystallographic properties.


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