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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 83-92

Scanning electron microscopes/silicon drift detector-energy dispersive spectroscopy: An analytical tool to identify waterborne microminerals pickup in human scalp hair cuticle due to water quality


Sir CV Raman-KS Krishnan International Research Centre, Kalasalingam University, Krishnankoil, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Balasubramanian Somasundaram
Sir CV Raman-KS Krishnan International Research Centre, Kalasalingam University, Krishnankoil - 626 126, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JMAU.JMAU_23_18

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Background and Significance: Still vast majority of the population in urban and rural set up using varied water quality for their day today washing of their hair in many parts of the countries may suffer or experience rough hair or uncombable syndrome. The quality of maintaining healthy hair may be impaired due to salty ions from water sources, dyes, or pollutants etc., We have identified a well-known instrumental technique SEM/SDD-EDS method to identify and estimate the waterborne minerals in the scalp hair cuticle in a non-destructive way. Materials and Methods: Identify volunteers of urban and rural folks using treated or untreated water for their routine hair wash at least for two consecutive years and examine their scalp hair cuticle using SEM/SDD- EDS. Results: Water borne minerals calcium and aluminium pick up were distinctly identified in the scalp hair cuticle as reflected by the quality of water used in urban and rural set up. Further restoration of lipid layer through prior application of coconut oil and or usage of conditioners prevents calcium pick up. Thereby, SEM/SDD-EDS is one of the suitable techniques to estimate the concentration of waterborne minerals in the scalp hair cuticle.


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