Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure

LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 215--216

Re: Presence of multidrug resistant bacteria on mobile phones of healthcare workers accelerates the spread of nosocomial infections and regarded as a threat to public health in Bangladesh


SM J. Mortazavi 
 Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA, USA; Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation Protection Research Center (INIRPRC), Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. S M J. Mortazavi
Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Doss Lab R-432, 333 Cottman Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111




How to cite this article:
J. Mortazavi S M. Re: Presence of multidrug resistant bacteria on mobile phones of healthcare workers accelerates the spread of nosocomial infections and regarded as a threat to public health in Bangladesh.J Microsc Ultrastruct 2018;6:215-216


How to cite this URL:
J. Mortazavi S M. Re: Presence of multidrug resistant bacteria on mobile phones of healthcare workers accelerates the spread of nosocomial infections and regarded as a threat to public health in Bangladesh. J Microsc Ultrastruct [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Aug 3 ];6:215-216
Available from: http://www.jmau.org/text.asp?2018/6/4/215/243825


Full Text

Dear Editor,

I read with enthusiasm the article by Debnath et al. entitled, “Presence of multidrug resistant bacteria on mobile phones of healthcare workers accelerates the spread of nosocomial infections and regarded as a threat to public health in Bangladesh” published in the Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure.[1] Debnath et al. investigated the prevalence of microbiological contamination of mobile phones of clinicians in Bangladeshi hospitals and identified isolates of different. These authors have concluded that antibiotic resistance is increasing every day and even the mobile phones of medical personnel are spreading multidrug-resistant bacteria which cause dangerous nosocomial infections.

The paper authored by Daoudi et al. addresses a very important issue. However, the authors did not pay attention to new findings that show exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) generated by mobile phones which may enhance bacterial resistance against antibiotics which in turn amplifies the risks associated with contamination of mobile phones. No doubt, this EMF-induced resistance can make the contamination of mobile phones a serious, life-threatening problem. Mobile phones, today, are the main source of human exposure to EMFs.[2],[3],[4],[5],[6] Therefore, I and my research group have previously studied the EMF-induced resistance of bacteria after exposure to EMFs generated by different sources. We have also studied the effect of mechanical waves such as diagnostic ultrasound but found that ultrasound could make the antibiotic-resistant bacteria susceptible.[7] In contrast with mechanical waves of ultrasound, we realized that when bacteria preexposed to either ionizing electromagnetic[8] or nonionizing electromagnetic radiation,[9] they become more resistant to antibiotics. Based on these findings, bacterial contamination of mobile phones of medical personnel is an issue which needs to be addressed rapidly.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Debnath T, Bhowmik S, Islam T, Chowdhury MM. Presence of multidrug resistant bacteria on mobile phones of healthcare workers accelerates the spread of nosocomial infections and regarded as a threat to public health in Bangladesh. J Microsc Ultrastruct 2017.
2Mortazavi SM, Ahmadi J, Shariati M. Prevalence of subjective poor health symptoms associated with exposure to electromagnetic fields among university students. Bioelectromagnetics 2007;28:326-30.
3Mortazavi SM, Mahbudi A, Atefi M, Bagheri Sh, Bahaedini N, Besharati A, et al. An old issue and a new look: Electromagnetic hypersensitivity caused by radiations emitted by GSM mobile phones. Technol Health Care 2011;19:435-43.
4Mortazavi G, Mortazavi SM. Increased mercury release from dental amalgam restorations after exposure to electromagnetic fields as a potential hazard for hypersensitive people and pregnant women. Rev Environ Health 2015;30:287-92.
5Mortazavi SM, Atefi M, Kholghi F. The pattern of mobile phone use and prevalence of self-reported symptoms in elementary and junior high school students in Shiraz, Iran. Iran J Med Sci 2011;36:96-103.
6Mortazavi SA, Tavakkoli-Golpayegani A, Haghani M, Mortazavi SM. Looking at the other side of the coin: The search for possible biopositive cognitive effects of the exposure to 900 MHz GSM mobile phone radiofrequency radiation. J Environ Health Sci Eng 2014;12:75.
7Mortazavi SM, Darvish L, Abounajmi M, Zarei S, Zare T, Taheri M, et al. Alteration of bacterial antibiotic sensitivity after short-term exposure to diagnostic ultrasound. Iran Red Crescent Med J 2015;17:e26622.
8Mortazavi SM, Zarei S, Taheri M, Tajbakhsh S, Mortazavi SA, Ranjbar S, et al. Sensitivity to antibiotics of bacteria exposed to gamma radiation emitted from hot soils of the high background radiation areas of Ramsar, Northern Iran. Int J Occup Environ Med 2017;8:80-4.
9Taheri M, Mortazavi SM, Moradi M, Mansouri S, Hatam GR, Nouri F, et al. Evaluation of the effect of radiofrequency radiation emitted from Wi-Fi router and mobile phone simulator on the antibacterial susceptibility of pathogenic bacteria Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli. Dose Response 2017;15:1559325816688527.